The state of Nagaland became the sixteenth state of the Indian Union on 1st December 1963. The state lies 25º2' and 26º47' N and 93º20' and 95º15' E. This narrow strip of mountainous territory is bounded by Assam in the west, Myanmar on the East, Arunachal Pradesh and the part of Assam on the North and Manipur in the south.

Nagaland is a small hilly charming state inhibited by sixteen major tribes and sub-tribes who have their own languages and dialect. The present Nagaland state was curved out arbitrarily for administrative purposes. The area covered by the Naga people extended to some 30000sq. miles. Mr. Mills in his monograph on the Lotha Nagas, defined the areas inhabited by the Naga tribes as bounded by the Hukawng valley in the Northeast, the plains of Brahmaputra valley to the Northwest; Kachar to the southwest and of Chinwin to the east. The south of Manipur valley roughly marks the point of contact between the Naga tribes and more closely interrelated group of Kuki tribes. They have distinct culture and customs of their own; also the ways of living are widely different from those of the plains of Assam and the others of India.

By whatever name people have called this realm, hidden among the mountains of India's northeast, Nagaland has always evoked a sense of mysticism and awe, intensified by the remoteness of its geographical location.

If Africa still preserves the "first man" with its bushmen and the Andaman islands have virgin territories where no urban man has ever set foot, Nagaland preserves man's early animist culture, through its awe inspiring highlanders and their ancient traditions.

Spirits that roam the jungles & villages, the fertility of mother earth, social bonding among communities, rejuvenation etc are the main elements that form the souls of the Naga people.

If William Wordsworth had the good fortune of visiting Nagaland, he would unquestionably have written a full collection of poems on the flowers that dance to the tune nature here. Just as the people colour the terrain with their bright attire and vibrant dances, so does the sky adorn itself with the beauty of nature.

Impossible would be an understanding when it comes to counting the blessings of nature. Although by virtue of her natural beauty, the whole of Nagaland is a tourist hotspot, yet certain exceptionally charming places have been identified and developed by the Government to promote tourism in Nagaland some of which are highlighted in this website.

These focused approach helps in providing easy access to travelers from all categories (tourists, researchers, backpackers etc). Since the exotic state is still developing many more places yet remain "un-marked" making them even more exclusive and fascinating to explore.


By Air- Dimapur is the only airport in Nagaland and it is well connected by flights from Delhi and Calcutta and the rest of the country.

By Rail- The important railhead in Nagaland is Dimapur on the North Eastern Railway Track.

By Road- The towns and villages of Nagaland are connected by the Nagaland State Transport Association. Buses are frequent from Dimapur to Guwahati, Shillong, Mokokchung.


Area - 16.527 Sq.Km.
Capital - Kohima
Maximum Temperature - 31°C
Minimum Temperature - 4°C
Districts -7
Main Rivers -Dhansiri, Doyang, Dikhu, Milak, Zungki and Tizu
Languages -English, Nagamese, and local dialects
Clothing RequiredSummer - Cotton Tropical
Winter - Heavy Woolens
Best Time to Visit - September to April
Entry Formalities - Inner line permit for Indian visitors and Restricted Area Permit for Foreigners.

Major City of Nagaland
Dimapur Kohima Dzukou Valley Some More Cities
Festivals of Nagaland
Tribes of Nagaland

The ancient capital of 13th century Kachari rulers, Dimapur in Nagaland is an importanat commercial town of Nagaland in extreme North East India. Dimapur is an axis around which the economic and developmental activities of the district are centred. The town is named after the Dimasa river, that irrigates it. Dimapur in Nagaland is one of the fastest growing townships in the North-Eastern region of India.

The town is also a gateway to Nagaland and Manipur. It is a major railhead and the only airport in Nagaland and is also well connected with the neighbouring states of Manipur, Tripura and Mizoram by National Highway 39. Dimapur town is distinct in its character where all the different communities have congregated into a mini India.

Sightseeing in Dimapur The ruins of Medieval Kachari Kingdom The ancient Kachari capital Dimapur is one of the major sites of megalithic culture. Most of the ruins seems to be the associated with the Kachari civilisation, established before the Abom invasion in the 13th century A.D. You may find evidence of a touch of Hindu influence on most of them, though these are predominantly non-Aryan, with detailed rituals and the cult of fertility.

Apart from the Monolith, the ancient Kachari capital Dimapur portrays other ruins of temples, embankment and tanks. The entrance gateway has been intricately executed and is preserved well till the present time. The blocks of stone and brick pieces with various designs are found scattered here.

Chumukedima It is situated at a distance of about 14 Km from Dimapur on NH 39. Chumukedima served as the first headquarters of the then Naga Hills District of Assam State during the time of British rule in early period of the 19th centure. The Department of Tourism is constructing a Tourist Village on top of a hill. From this spot one can capture a view of the whole of Dimapur and other parts of Karbi-Anlong of Assam. The Tourist Village is at a distance of 8 Km from the National Highway. One can also come across few waterfalls located in this area which are under exploration and assessment for easy access. Ruzaphema Just 5 km away, on the Dimapur-Kohima road is Ruzaphema, a place ideally suited for leisure and recreation with its colorful bazaars and a plethora of tribal handicrafts that are exclusive in their style, and unusually beautiful in their own way.

Triple Falls As the name suggests, the fall in Seithekima village of Dimapur district is a three tier waterfall. It is beautiful destination for the trekkers. Governor's Camp 43 km from Dimapur is the Governor's Camp in the foothill, by the Doyang river. It is lovely spot for picnickers, rafters, anglers and campers. Intangki Wildlife Sanctuary The Sanctuary lies about 37 Km away from Dimapur. The Sanctuary is under the preservation of the Forest Wildlife Department. It is home to various animals including some rare species of birds. Nagaland Handloom and Handicrafts While in Nagaland, one should not forget to visit the centre were you can buy the beautifully woven Naga Shawls and Handicraft items.


Kohima, the capital town of Nagaland in the north eastern part of India is a picturesque town, situated amidst lush green wealth of the nature. Kohima in Nagaland, a typical Naga town is a pretty hill station, with panoramic views of the rugged Naga hills, displaying the exotic tribal culture of the northeast. The home of the brave and daring, yet simple and innocent, Naga tribes, Kohima Nagaland is unspoilt and replete with some attractive sites to see and do.

Sheltered in the eastern frontiers of the Himalayan mountain range, Kohima in Nagaland is noted for its unhurried pace of life, calm and serene environs and fresh, unpolluted air, which make a welcome change for a exhausted city sniffers. Sightseeing in Kohima War Cemetery A symbolic memorial erected as citation for the supreme sacrifices made by the officers and men during the World War II. Each grave is supported by a bronze plaque with a moving epitaph -" When you go home / Tell them of us and say / For your tomorrow / We gave our today."

Zoological Park The zoo at Kohima is built on a lovely hill-slope. You will find a glimpse of the animal and bird kingdom of Nagaland in the Zoological Park at Kohima. You can see some rare species of animals and birds especially the rare golden langurs, Blythe's Tragopan. The Catholic Cathedral The Catholic Cathedral at Aradura Hill is a major landmark at Kohima. It is one of the biggest Cathedral in the whole North East and has a very amiable atmosphere for praying.

This place is worth a visit, for its blend of endemic architecture. Kohima Village (Bara Basti) Naga legend has it that, this is the second largest and the most populous village in Asia. The Big Village is a reminder of the grandeur of the Angami ancestors, who built it. At the entrance of the village you will find a large traditional wooden gate, elaborately carved with warriors and weapons and the skull of the mithun, a symbol of prosperity. Naga stones raised here and there in front of the houses are memorial symbols of the grand feasts organised by their great ancestors. Museum The State Museum treasures rare collection of articles of different tribes which speak about the history and traditions of the Nagas. The Market Grocery shopping in Kohima is a treat; visit the wholesale market for the a visual feast of the Naga village women wearing their splendid tribal costumes and gathering to sell farm, field, forest and stream products.

Dzukou Valley

The Dzukou Valley is tucked away at 2438 metres above sea level, behind the Japfu range in the north eastern state of Nagaland in India. As the month of June & September arrives, the entire valley is covered with a carpet of wild flowers. The Dzukou Valley is one of the most ideal place for peace and nature lovers.

The D zukou Valley is just 30 km from Kohima, the capital city of Nagaland. The swirling streams that loiters through Dzukou freezes during extreme winter. The Flora of Dzukou Valley Untouched by civilisation and splendiferous in its beauty, this valley otherwise called the valley of celestial charm has an tempting appeal to all who gaze it.

In summer, wild herbs and shrubs sprout along the stream banks. Lilies in white and pink, euphorbias, aconitums and hundreds of other botanical species in varied colours adorn the valley in monsoon. Though Dzukou is known for its bio-diversity, the predominant plant is the tough bamboo brush because of which it looks like a justly mown lawn from far away. Rhododendrons of different colours beatify the hills abounding the valley.

Dzukou Valley - Trekker's Paradise This is one of the best trekking spots in the North-Eastern Region. The valley is surrounded by hills, natural caves & rocks and is thus, ideal for camping. Inspite of the difficult terrain and non-availability of facilities, this is one of the most frequented trekking spots in the entire North East India. Its emerald green rolling hills interlinked by gentle flowing streams are trekker's fancy. A few tourist rest houses are constructed for trekkers.

Some More Cities of Nagaland

Kiphire - Kiphire district borders Myanmar. It is situated at an altitude of 896.42 meters above sea level and is 254 km from Kohima. The district had been carved out of the present Tuensang district on January 24th 2004 by upgrading the Sub-Division of Kiphire.This tourist hot spot has many attractions like Saramati Peak (the highest peak of Nagaland), Fakim Wildlife Sanctuary, Cave at Salomi, Cave at Mimi, Sukhayap (Lover's Paradise), Wawade Waterfalls, Twin Stones, Village of Siphi, Mikhi (the river of salt) and Yingphi or Yingphire (absolutely rich in historical spots, legends and traditions).

Longleng - The main tribe of the district is Phom tribe of Nagaland. Longleng was declared a district on 24 January 2004. It was carved out Tuensang District. Longleng is situated 1,066 meters above the sea level. It is 251 km from Dimapur.

Mokokchung - If you visit Mokokchung, do check out these spots of interest Longkhum, caves of Fusen kei and Mongzu Ki, Longritzu Lenden and Tangkum Marok (springs), Ungma ( oldest and the largest Ao village) and Chuchuyimlang (festival village of Ao).

Peren - It is situated at an altitude of 1, 445.36 meters above sea level and is 84 km away from Dimapur. It is the home of land of the Zeliang and Kuki tribes. Peren is the district headquarter. Peren was declared a district on 24th January 2004. This tourist village is abound with ethnicity and traditions. The famous tourist attractions of the distrisct are Benuru (rich in traditional values), Mt. Pauna Tourist Village and Mt. Pauna (the third highest peak of Nagaland).

MOKOKCHUNG - The territory of the Ao Nagas is located in the Northeastern part of India between 26.12 and 26.45 degree North Latitude and 94.18º and 94.50º East Longitude respectively. The altitude of the Ao land is between 155 to 2000 meters above sea level. Mokokchung town is the administrative headquarters situated at a height of about 1325.08 meters above sea level. The famous tourist attractions of the distrisct are LONGKHUM As an old Naga saying goes, "a single visit to Longkhum is not enough, for your soul stays behind the first time and you have to return there once for more to get it back". This saying springs from the fact that Rhododendrons adorn the hillocks and the precipices surrounding it, providing an astounding sight during full bloom. CAVES Fusen kei and Mongzu Ki are two caves that yet remain unexplored by and large Local legends suggest that Fusen kei is about 25 km long, SPRINGS (LEGENDARY AND EXTANCT) UNGMA (This is the oldest and the largest of all the Ao villages and the second largest village on Nagaland) CHUCHUYIMLANG (Chuchuyimlang is the village of festivals for the Ao Nagas)

MON - The district is bounded on the north by Sibsagar district of Assam, on the northeast by Arunachal Pradesh, on the southeast by the nation Myanmar (Burma), on the south by Tuensang district of Nagaland and on the west by Mokokchung district. The district is situated at an altitude of 897.64 meters above sea level; the total area is 1,786 sq. km. Mon is the districts headquarter, as it is centrally located for the coronation of Angh's (Chief). The district has four sub-divisions; Tobu, Tizit, Aboi (Champang), Naginimora. The total population of the district is 259604 according to 2001 census. The density of population is 145 persons per sq. km. and the sex ratio are 881 females per 1000 males. Literacy rate of the district is 42.25 %, and the literacy rate of male to female is 46.70%: 37.12 %. The famous tourist attractions of the distrisct are NAGINIMORA (According the legend a Konyak Naga Queen, Watlong Konyak, married to an Ahom King and died at Lakhan. As such, the king renamed Lakhan as Naginimora to honor his dead wife. The word 'Nagini' Meaning Naga queen and 'Mora' meaning death, the death place of the Naga Queen) LONGWA VILLAGE (one of the biggest villages in Mon district) SHANGNYU VILLAGE (The huge and unique piece of wood-arving at the entrance of the Angh's house) VEDA PEAK (PAK KOI) (it was the place where the British planted the first opium plant in the land of Konyak Naga) CHENLOISHO VILLAGE (There is a small museum keeping all kinds of traditional ornaments)

PHEK -Like other parts of Nagaland, Phek district (Chakhesang) is a mountainous region. The land is bounded by Burma (Myanmar) in the east, Manipur in the south (Tangkhul and Moa Nagas), Kohima district (Angami Naga) on the west and Zunheboto district (Sema Naga) on the north. About 70% of the land is covered with thick evergreen forest. Zanibu is the highest mountain which is about 8000ft above sea-level. Home to Chakhesangs and Pochuries it is 145 km from Kohima. Colourful orchids grow wildly here. the famous tourist attractions of the distrisct are Pfutsero / Glory Peak, Chakesang Cultural Research Institute, Shilloi Lake, Dzudu Lake/ Zanibu Peak, Waterfalls & Caves, Peripheries Of Pfutsero Town

TUENSANG - The district is named after the town of the same name Tuensang, and the town is named after the village of that which is situated close by the town. It is surrounded on the north by Mon district, on the east by the nation Myanmar, on the south by Zunheboto and Phek district of Nagaland and on the west by Mokokchung district. The latitude of the district is 25º 6`and 27º 4` North and Longitude is 93º 20` and 95º 15` East. The district is situated at an altitude of 1,371.60 meters above sea level; the total area is 4228 sq. km. The main tribes of this district are Changs, Sangtams, Khiamniungans, and Yimchunger. Tuensang is the districts headquarter. It lies at an altitude of 897.64 sq. km. meters above sea level. It has four sub-divisions; Noklak, Shamatore, Longkhim. The total population of the district is 414801. The density of population is 98 persons per sq. km. and the sex ratio are 913 females per 1000 males. Literacy rate is 51.30 % of the population, and the literacy rate of male to female is 55.97%: 46.12 %. Tuensang was a part of North East Frontier Agency till December 1957, when it was separated from it and joined with Naga Hills to form Naga Hills Tuensang Area in short. Tuensang is the biggest of the eleven districts in Nagaland. The district is oblong in shape and stretches north south. the famous tourist attractions of the distrisct are Changsangmongko, Chilise & Changsangmonko, The Living Stones Of Tuensang : Tsongliyangti, Chungliyangti Or Chungliyimti, Tsadang

WOKHA - The district of Wokha is situated on the mid-west of the State of Nagaland and adjoins the Sibsagar plains of Assam on the West. The district is intercepted at the heart by latitude 26°8'N and longitude 94°18'E. Its area is not yet exactly known but it is about one- third of the former Mokokchung district which was 3852 sq. km. Therefore Wokha will be about 1300 sq. km. Wokha district is bounded by Mokokchung district on the north, Zunheboto district on the east and Kohima district on the south, whereas it is bounded by Assam plain on the west side. It more or less shares the same topographical character of the other districts of Nagaland. Like the topography of the other districts it forms a mountain terrain characterized by the ranges of the hills running from northeast to southwest. It is interesting to note that Doyang, which is the biggest river in Nagaland, flows through the middle of the district and it crosses all three ranges of the district. the famous tourist attractions of the distrisct are RIVERS Doyang is the largest river in the district. Several streams from the hills fall into the river from the central and the western parts and give it the most fascinating look. Terrace cultivation is carried out on the valleys surrounding Doyang river. Two other significant rivers, Chubi and Nzhu are also tributaries of the Doyang.

ZUNHEBOTO - It is located 150 km away from the state capital Kohima and the total area of the district is 1255 sq. km. (2001 census). Incidentally it is located in the middle of the state. Zunheboto is the district headquarters that lies at an altitude of 1874.22 meters above sea level. It also has six sub-divisions- Akuloto, Satakha, Atoizu, Aghunato,Suruhuto and Pughoboto. The total population of the district is 154909. The density of population is 123 persons per sq. km. And the sex ratio is 945 females per 1000 males (2001 census). Literacy rate is 69.73 % of the population, and the literacy rate of male and female is 73.43 %: 65.80 %. Zunheboto district 150 Km away from the state capital and is bounded by Mokokchung on the North, Tuensang district on the East, Phek district on the South and Wokha on the West. Zunheboto, with total area of 1300 Sq Km. Like most of the districts of Nagaland, is situated on the Hills with its mountain ranges spread northeast to Southwest. The district is hilly. The hill varies from 1000 to 2500 meters and the average height of the district is 1800 meters. Most of the people live between 1500 and 2500 meters altitude. There are several ranges and they are more or less parallel and have gone from northeast to southwest. Between the ranges there are glens and gorges through which flow the hill streams the famous tourist attractions of the distrisct are Ghosho Bird Sanctuary, Satoi Range


Nagaland is a place where fairs and festivals are celebrated round the year. Various tribes and village observe diffent festivals. Among the famous ones are:

Festivals of Angami - This tribe celebrates SEKRENYI in the month of February to seek health and welfare of the whole community. People are all glad and happily celebrate by boozing, and eating pork.

Festival of Ao - The Ao tribe observe MOASTSU MONG for three days in the month of May after completing sowing. The festival is occasion of celebration, dancing, singing and frolicking. 'Sangpangtu' is one of the symbolic celebrations of this festivals where men and women sit around a big lit fire. Another festival of Aos is TSUNGREM MONG in the August. This festival is for upcoming generation and village youths to exhibit their intellectual dexterity and physical prowess.

Festival of Chakhesang - This community celebrates seven festivals in whole year which are SUHKRUHNYE - 15th January, NGUNYE - 1st February, TSAKRONYE - 1st Sunday of March 4, TSUKHANYE / TSUKHENYIE - 6th May, KHUTHONYE - 15th July, TURHINYE - 25th August, THURINYE / KHILUVATU - 1st December. SUHKRUHNYE is the most important festival of this tribe.

Festival of Chang - This tribe observes six major festivals annually namely POANG LEM, JEINYU LEM, KUDANG LEM by Haongang community, and MOUNG LEM, NAKNYU LEM and MONYU LEM. These festivals are celebrated with great enthusiasm till date.

Festival of Zemi - SANKARNI is the most important festival of Zemis. It is celebrated at the same time when Sivaratri is celebrated. A week long festival is for smoking and boozing for merriment.

Festival of Sumi - The sumis celebrate a post harvest festival AHUNA which bespeaks the manifestation of thanks giving spree. TULUNI another festival which is celebrated in mid July. People drink wine named Tulini a rice beer.

The Hornbill Festival - It is not a traditional festival of Nagas but a showcase of of Naga culture, cuisine and handicrafts. Different tribes display their own unique cultural assets. Musical gigs and various entertainment programs keep the tourists and the participant occupied with conviviality.


Major Tribes - The inhabitants of Nagaland are called 'Naga' which has incepted from 'Nagna' means naked. It is so because the Nagas are known for avowed for their sparseness of clothes. There are fourteen major Naga tribes namely the Angami, Ao, Chakhesang, Chang, Khemungan, Konyak, Lotha, Phom, Pochury, Rengma, Sangtam, Sema, Yimchunge and Zeliang. All these tribes live happily with each other. They have different traditions, languages, occupations and lifestyles.

THE PEOPLE - The Nagas belong to the Indo-Mongoloid family. Nagas are assiduous people with a strong inclination for their values, ethical mores and self esteem. They are courteous and cheerful and sanguine. You will easily confront the Nagas with a glee lit face. Nagas are of sub medium height with a low face indice, straight hair. You will find the Zeliang and Pochury tribes of Kohima very humble and rustic. The tusensang tribe are modest and natural.

SOCIAL AND CULTURAL ETHOS - Some cultural customs of the tribes are same like head hunting, common sleeping house for unmarried men which are taboo to women, a sort of trial marriage, or great freedom of intercourse between the sexes before marriage, disposal of dead on raised platforms, the simple loom for weaving cloth.

There is absence of any caste sysytem among Naga and non Naga tribe. Rather the tribes are asundered into twelve totems based on the great forefathers. Recent advent of Gotra system among tribes is remarkable. Marriage in the same totem is restricted but modernization has impacted it and hence now young people do not abide by it.

WILDLIFE OF NAGALAND - The state has two wildlife sanctuaries. Fakim Wildlife Sanctuary and Intanki Wildlife Sanctuary.

FAKIM WILDLIFE SANCTUARY - The Fakim Sanctuary in Nagaland is nearby the border of Myanmar. It is full of numerous flora and fauna. You will find the trees of Bonsum, Bogipoma, Khasi Pine, Oaks, Amari, Gamari, Hollock, Nahor, Uriam, Alder, Kachnar, Sasi here. As the foprests here receive plenty of rains, the woods are brimmed with undergrowth shrubs, Dalchini and Tejpatta. If you will go in the months of March and April, you will gte to see blooming Rhododendrons, varieties of Bamboo and Cane.

The fauna of the sanctuary is packed with Tiger, Hoolock gibbons, Panther, Jungle Cat, Himalayan Bear, Bison, Sambar, Barking Deer, Wild Boar, Slender Loris. Some beautiful birds that are found in this sanctuary are Indian Horn Bill, Tragopan Pheasant, Grey Pheasant, Jungle Fowl, Green Pigeon, Doves etc are the important birds of the region.

INTANKI WILDLIFE SANCTUARY - The Intanki Wildlife Sanctuary in Nagaland is preserves by the Forest Wildlife Department. It is a shelter to various animals including some rare species of birds. The sanctuary boasts of having rich and varied treasure of flora & fauna. This Sanctuary is a home to Hoolock Gibbon (the only Gibbon found in India), Elephant, Mithun, Sambar, Barking Deer, Goral, Flying Squirrel, Wild Dog, Tiger, Sloth Bear. The birds you can locate here are Kaleej and common pheasant, Hornbill and Black Stor.

ADVENTURE IN NAGALAND - Nagaland is a pleasantly charming land with avant garde trekking routes. Nagaland hills are archetypal ones where trekking and campaigning will be absolute fun. Adventure sports are extremely thrilling here because of azure hills and clichéd expanses. You can enjoy trekking in the state traversing through vestal and uninfluenced terrains. From the month of November to March Japfu Peak in Kohima is a trekkers delight. Another trek for you is Dzukou Valley. It is a marvelous valley for trekking expeditions. It has a roving rivulet and in the spring season you will see wildflowers and pink and white rhododendrons. Trekking in Nagaland in the north eastern part of India is trekker's paradise. The adventurous land of Nagaland offers bountiful trekking opportunities. The physiology of Nagaland is hilly and mountainous with lush green surroundings. The environment of Nagaland is salubrious, providing healthy atmosphere to the tourists in Nagaland. For a driving and daring leisure seeker, few destinations in the world would match the trekking dimensions of Nagaland. The journey to the extreme north eastern part of India is arduous and extremely adventurous in its nature. Trekking through the challenging terrains of Nagaland with outstanding wealth of varied botanical species is justly unique and breath-holding. The route to each trek is a quite an unique experience.

Physical Requirements for Trekking in Nagaland, India Not much physical requirement is necessary for low-altitude trekking and nature walks. However, for high-altitude trekking, the physical requirements are almost the same as for mountaineering and climbing. People with high/low blood pressure or who are overweight are advised not to participate in high-altitude games and sports. People below 16 years and above 60 years are also discouraged from participating in this sport.


Aha !!... so you are interested in shopping at Nagaland. Great idea indeed ! As other tribes, Nagas also have their own own expertise in handicrafts. The art and craft of Nagaland is clannish and chic. The Nagas have a knack of Bamboo Work, Wood Carving, Pottery and Blacksmitthy. So you have a wide variety of products to choose from. Go to the local bazaars and be a proud owner of these comely articles.

BAMBOO WORK - As the state has forests abundant of Bamboo and Cane, Nagas are adept basket creators. This art is limited to the males of the village. The baskets which they make are for multiphasic. One basket is for domestic purpose, for storage and the other basket is for outdoor purpose like carrying it for daily usage. These baskets are of different shapes. These are triobe specific, for instance, a conical shaped basket is representative of Aos, a cylindrical shaped basket is of Angamis. Apart from these baskets Nagas also make mats, shields, drinking cups - Chungas-, necklaces, armlets, and leggings of cane.

WOOD CARVING - The affluent family of the village have the best wood carvings on their houses. They use simple wood carving instruments and motifs are equally simple and symbolic like carving of mithun head (denoting wealth), hornbill (denoting valor), human figure (denoting success in hunting), elephant, tiger (denoting physical aptitude).

POTTERY - Pottery is not that popular and but hence practiced in very few villages. Without using a revolving wheel the Nagas make the pots by their hands only. Limited to women folk of the village it is not very profitable.

BLACKSMITHY - It is a recent but popular craft. The blacksmiths make the everyday use article for the villagers like Dao, axe, sickle, knives, spear points, muzzle loading guns and butts. Different tribes have their own perspective about the trade of blacksmithy.

ORNAMENTS - Fundamentally both the sexes are fond of wearing and adorning themselves with colorful ornaments. Naga soldiers wears a miniature trophy masks as a pendant in a chain or necklace symbolizing their valor as headhunters. You will like to see the Naga bracelets and bangles. Nagas make ornaments of shells which have a aesthetic quality.


Weaving - Naga women are dexterous weavers and make chromatic and jazzy shawls, bags and jackets. They use back strap and fly shuttle loom for weaving. Different tribes has set types of motifs, patters, designs and colors according to the folklores of the tribes. These weaved clothes are adorned with beads, shells and hair of goat to for ostentation of wealth.

Spinning - This is also performed by Naga women. Till recent times every maiden should know spinning to get married. Usually the procedure of spinning is nothing but primordial.

Dyeing - While dyeing the Nagas use vibrant colors like red, blue and less often yellow. Dyeing is prohibited before harvest believing that process of dyeing can perish the crops.


The folklores and music is passed down from one generation to the other and so the Nagas has music inbred in them. They play a common musical instrument 'Petu', Theku a string instrument and a wind instrument - flute. Trumpet is used by the people to keep away the wild animals. Guitar is gaining popularity and is in vogue in Nagaland today. The songs of Nagas can be classified into different categories like:

Heliamleu or dancing songs - these are romantic love songs composed and sung by both young and old people.

Hereileu or war songs - Sung by the old people to commemorate the triumphs and forfeit at wars, to relive the bygone glorious days.

Neuleu or legendry songs - These are composed by the old people of the village to solemnize their important and remarkable events.

Hekialeu or songs about self - Old people compose these songs to narrate their achivements in their career when they were young and strong.

Hekialeu or a duet - Generally it is sung by the young lads and lasses of the clan. These songs are composed by both young and old people.


You can get an acumen of the taciturnity of the Nagas through the tribal dances. These dances are tribe specific and people wear vibrant attires, gaudy jewelery and of course a sweet smile. The dances are named after the hand and leg gestures and movements of the dancers. Be it a festival or a ceremony, harvest or recreation, Nagas always have a reason to celebrate and rejoice by dancing. Their dances full of liveliness and they use props generously.

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