Punjab Tourism


Punjab is a beautiful places, the land of five rivers and integrated cultural history, is a treasure trove for an avid tourist. For this land of the great gurus not only boasts of ancient monuments but throbs with historical embodiments. It is no secret that whoever comes to this land of yellow fields with blue mountains providing the romantic and picturesque backdrop has never gone back without imbibing the essence of Punjab .

There is no dearth of breathtaking palaces, for Punjab was the seat of royalty, as the imposing Quila Mubarak will tell you. Museums galore and so are the religious places with the Golden Temple offering succour to the mind and soul of any one visiting. If you are a wild life freak, then Punjab can take you on a tour of the sanctuaries, which are hot favourites with migratory birds. Since this state borders Pakistan , there are two main posts from which you can peep into the land that was once an integral part of Punjab and experience the feelings of the people separated by a line.

Location - Punjab is a land locked states surrounded by Jammu & Kashmir, Haraya, Himachal Pradesh & it also shares international border with Pakistan.

The word "Punjab" is a combination of the Persian words 'Panj' five, and 'Aab' water, giving the literal meaning of the Land of the Five Rivers. The five rivers which Punjab is named after are the Jhelum; the Chenab; the Ravi; the Beas and the Sutlej . In 1947, the Punjab was partitioned between newly-independent India and Pakistan along religious lines, with the mostly Sikh and Hindu eastern portion to India and the Muslim western portion of the region going to Pakistan . Punjab is a predominantly agricultural state. The largest grown crop is wheat. Other important crops are rice, cotton, sugarcane, millet, maize, barley and fruit. Textiles and flour milling are the major industries. Road, rail and river transport links are extensive throughout the region.

There is no dearth of breathtaking palaces, for Punjab was the seat of royalty, as the imposing Quila Mubarak will tell you. Museums galore and so are the religious places with the Golden Temple offering succour to the mind and soul of any one visiting. If you are a wild life freak, then Punjab can take you on a tour of the sanctuaries, which are hot favourites with migratory birds. Since this state borders Pakistan , there are two main posts from which you can peep into the land that was once an integral part of Punjab and experience the feelings of the people separated by a line.

The much truncated India 's portion of present Punjab is divided into three natural regions :the Majha ,the Doaba and the Malwa.

What to See
Amritsar Chandigarh
Jalandhar Ludhiana
Amritsar

Amritsar is the most important sacred place of Sikh community, every Sikh try to visit the Golden temple and bathe in the holy sarovar (pool) at least once in the lifetime. Golden Temple is the cradle of Amritsar with the city growing around it nurtured by its divine sanctity.

Amritsar was established by Guru Ram Das, Sikhism's famous fourth guru, in 1577, Amritsar rose to become the most sanctified city in Punjab and a major trade and industrial centre under the patronage of Maharaja Ranjit Singh himself. A vital pawn in the game between the Sikhs and the Mughals, in more recent times it was the venue of the traumatic Operation Bluestar initiated by the then PM Indira Gandhi to flush out Bhindranwale, who spearheaded the movement for an independent Sikh nation. Today, as you follow the procession of the Guru Granth Sahib to the Akal Takht, those traumas are scattered to the winds. What remains is the air of deep devotion and ceremonial splendor

Plunge into the heart of the city's spiritual core, then let your spirit soar amidst the dusty back streets and cobbled alleyways in search of the perfect channa bhatura and delectable jalebis. When the day is done, head out for the Wagah Border for a bit of zealous hurrahing for your country as the guards change duty in the last rays of the setting sun.

HOW TO REACH

By Air - The Rajasansi airport at Amritsar is well linked by flights from all over India. Recently, it was elevated to an international airport.

By Rail - All major cities like Delhi, Calcutta, Bombay, Varanasi, Wagah (Attari Border) are connect and some other places in India. It take about 8-10-hour to travel by train from Delhi.

By Road - Jammu 216 kms, Ferozepur 160 kms, Chandigarh 235 kms, Delhi 435 kms and Wagah 29 kms.

WHEN TO GO

Best time to travel Amritsar is between October to March.

WHAT TO SEE

The Golden Temple - The temple is the most important sacred shrine for the Sikhs, who travel from all parts of the world to enjoy the blissful environments and offer their thanks by giving prayers. In addition, the sacred shrine is increasingly becoming a tourist attraction for visitors from all over the world. Here Sikhs from all over the world come to pay their reverence to Guru Granth Sahib and take a dip in the Amrit Saras Kund for spiritual purification, is the major landmark of the place. It was founded by the fourth Guru of Sikhs, Guru Ram Das. The Golden Temple is a two storey marble structure, with an imposing dome of pure gold. The original copy of the Granth Sahib, which is kept in the Golden Temple during the day, is ceremoniously returned to the Akal Takht, at night.

Jalianwala Bagh - It is a poignant memorial of the freedom movement. This garden commemorates the martyrs, keeping the tragic episode in its historical context. General Dyer, a British general ordered firings against innocent people on April 13, 1919, which took lives of over 2000 unarmed people. Today, this site of brutal massacre, encloses a memorial with an eternal flame, dedicated to the martyrs.

Durgiana Temple - Located outside the Lohagarh gate of the old city, the temple is dedicated to Goddess Durga and is a centre of pilgrimage for devout Hindus. Other attractions of the city are Baba Atal Rai Tower , Ram Bagh garden, Fatehabad Mosque, Tarn Taran, Harike Wetland Wildlife Sanctuary, Wagha Border.

Mata Mandir temple - A grand old pious lady developed this Hindu temple situated at Rani ka Bagh, on the lines of holy shrine of Mata Vaishno Devi at Katra ( Jammu ), the temple draws crowds of devotees from far and near. Festivals are celebrated with great pomp and show. An evening visit to the temple gives an opportunity to the visitors to observe the life styles of Hindu families.

Ram Tirath Temple - On the outskirts of Amritsar is this significant historic birthplace of Lav and Kush . It is the spot where sage Valmiki's ashram stood and this is a sacred place for the Hindus where we get a glimpse of statues illustrating scenes from the Ramayana.

WHERE TO EAT

Amritsar is famous for food and it's taste.... If you are in the Golden Temple then it's is interesting to join the pilgrims for a common kitchen food known as "GURU KA LANGAR" and you don't have to pay for this, it's free for everyone, other than this there are number of places where you can have Punjab's delicious food, some of the good places are:

Kesar Da Dhabha : The 70 year old dhabha is the best place to taste and eat the ethnic Amritsari vegetarian pure desi ghee preparations.

Bhrawan Da Dhaba & Brother's Retaurant : It is nice and cheap place to eat. You can have paranthas, assorted vegetables, rice, daal and Chinese as well as fast food.

Kundan Dhaba : It is close to Railway station and they serve veg. desi ghee food ,also thali is available. You can have paranthas, assorted vegetables, daal. The rates are affordable.

Kwality Restaurant : This restaurant is in the corner of Novelty Chowk on the Mall road, here you have mid range veg. & non veg., you can also have South Indian food also.

Bubby Da Dhaba : Dhaba's are the cheap snack bar's, here you can have Chaana Bathura( Chick pea's with Indian bread), Chicken, Pranthas, assorted dal's and paneer specialties.

Odeon Restaurant : Its is also situated in the Novelty Chowk and is an upper class eating place but a relatively good place to have all types of food.

Crystal Restaurant : This place is reputed place in the town here you can have good continental food at good price, it is among good places to dine.

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Chandigarh

Chandigarh is beautiful and well planned city completely built with concret. Well connected to Punjab , Haryana and Himanchal Pradesh. The city was designed by Le Corbusier, a famous architect from France . It is a lovely city with lovely people and various tourist attractions. The important interesting sports are the Zakir Gulab Bagh, Sukhna Lake and of course the Shri Chandika Devi temple. Don't miss the famous Rock Garden. The city is modern and well cultured, there so many good markets, restaurants and bars. The city has an exciting nightlife.

HOW TO REACH

By Air - Chandigarh airport is well connected the major cities like Delhi, Jammu, Amritsar and Mumbai.

By Rails - Chandigarh is a gateway to many hill stations so it has so many express and regular trains.

By Road - Chandigarh is well connected to the major cities of Punjab & other states. You can have the Delhi State Transport, Punjab State Transport buses or can take private luxury coaches.

WHEN TO GO

Best time to go Chandigarh is October to April.

WHAT TO SEE

Rock Garden - The beautiful rock garden is so famous that, it marked Chandigarh on the tourist map of India . This lovely garden was designed and built by a popular architect and landscape artist called Nekchand. The Rock Garden is set in the midst of 6 acres of land and is a unique example of the concept of "best out of waste". The whole garden is built with waste material like broken cups, dishes, spoons.

Zakir Gulab Bagh - The beautiful rose garden is the major tourist attraction. The garden has different types of beautiful roses, more than 1600 species of roses. A visit to the Zakir Gulab could prove to be a riot of colors especially during the season when roses are in full bloom.

Shri Chandika Devi temple - Shri Chandika Devi temple that has a long history to its credit and the city of Chandigarh gets its name from the presiding deity at the Shri Chandika Devi temple. Thus the travel site Travel With Us to India offers you tour packages for travel tours to the lovely city of Chandigarh, India.

WHERE TO EAT

Chandigarh is a modern city so it has so many good restaurants and bars. You can get food of every type and taste. You can try the multi cuisine restaurants at the luxury hotels.

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Jalandhar

Jalandhar, the oldest city of Punjab is also known as the city of Sports. The city most number of Non Residential Indians, so it is very modern and rich city. The city is named after Jalandhar, a demon king, who finds a mention in the Puranas and Mahabharta. According to another legend, Jalandhar was the capital of the kingdom of lav-kush, son of Rama. According to yet another version Jalandhar is said to have derived its name from the vernacular term `Jalandhar' means area inside the water, i.e. tract laying between the two rivers Satluj and Beas, still another name of Jalandhar had been Trigartta, as it was waters by three rivers, Satluj, Beas and Ravi. You can have the taste of real Punjab , the lush green sugarcane farms, people with tuban, an the modern luxury life only at Jalandhar. There are so many things restaurant, clubs, bars, and tourisrts spots to attract tourists.

HOW TO REACH

By Air - The nearest airport is the Delhi International Airport i.e. 375 kms away. It is well connected to the major cities like Mumbai, Kolkata Chennai, Banglore etc. It is the major international airport of Delhi, it it well connected to the rest of the world.

By Rail - Jalandhar is connected with direct trains to Delhi, Calcutta, Mumbai, Puri, Nagpur, Jammu Tawi and Deluxe Express to Mumbai, Shatabadi Express to Delhi, Utkal Express to Puri and Hawrah Mail to Calcutta.

By Road - There is a vast network of bus services of Punjab, Himachal, Delhi, Haryana, Pepsu, Chandigarh, U.P., J&k, Rajasthan State Roadways, apart from private operators. Important destinations include Delhi , Shimla, Chandigarh , Dehradun, Jaipur and Ganganagar. You can also take private luxury coaches.

WHEN TO GO

Jalandhar can be travelled round the year.

WHAT TO SEE

Shaheed-E-Azam Bhagt Singh Museum - This museum displays the belongings & the information about the legendary Shahed Bhagat Singh. It is located at the Khatkar Kalan village.

The Devi Talab - The Devi Talab a large masonry tank sacred to Hindus.

Goraya - Another satellite town Goraya produces fodder chopping machines of all types-called toka in Indian languages. Goraya is known as the toka town of India. Now it is famous for manufacturing harvesting combines and axles of all kinds.

Kartarpur - Kartarpur, its satellite historical town is one of the biggest exporters of quality furniture.

Phagwara - Its satellite town, Phagwara is a leading industrial focal point with famous cloth manufacturing and sugar mills; because of its NRI association its cloth and drapery shops have become international shopping centres.

Jama Masjid - This monument was in the 4th century and other monuments like Sarais of Nakodar and Noor Mahal are also worth to visit.

WHERE TO EAT

There are so many good restaurants and bars to chill out.

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Ludhiana

Ludhiana is the largest city in Punjab.Ludhiana is a major industrial and educational center of northern India and is the crossroads of many different cultures.

Ludhiana is the center of most commercial activity in Punjab . The prosperity of the place can be attributed to spirit of enterprise and business sense displayed by the people here. It is renowned world over for its hosiery goods which form a major part of exports to Canada and Russia . Other major items of exports are machine tools, motor parts, dyes, mopeds, cycle parts and sewing machines. Its satellite town Khanna is the biggest grain market in Asia .

Ludhiana also happens to be an important pilgrimage center with a number of Gurudwaras located within and around the place. Another important historical monument is the Fort of Lodhi which is about 500 years old and was built by the Muslim ruler Sikander Lodhi along the banks of River Sutlej.

History - Ludhiana city was founded in the time of Lodhi dynasty which ruled in Delhi from 1451-1526 A.D. The new town was originally known as Lodhi-ana which means the town of Lodi 's. The name later changed to the present name Ludhiana.

Location -Ludhiana is centrally located on the Grand Trunk Road from Delhi to Amritsar and is well-connected to the Indian capital city of New Delhi by air, road, and frequent train service. An international airport is being planned.

Climate - The climate of Ludhiana is characterized by dryness except a brief spell of monsoon season in a very hot summer and a bracing winter. Hot and scorching dust laden winds blow during summer season.

HOW TO REACH

By Air - The nearest operational airport from Ludhiana is one in the state capital Chandigarh which is 100 km away & the another one in the Holy City Amritsar.

By Rail - Ludhiana railway station is well connected with New Delhi and all other important towns of India . Train takes about 4-5 hrs from New Delhi to reach Ludhiana.

By Road - Ludhiana is situated on the Amritsar-Delhi Grand Trunk Road. New Delhi , Amritsar , Chandigarh and other major cities in Punjab are well linked with Ludhiana through road.

WHEN TO GO

Best time to travel Ludhiana is November To March.

WHAT TO SEE

Phillaur Fort - Phillaur Fort is occupied by Naru Rajputs under Rai Shahr whose territory extended from Mau to Selkiana and when his son Rai Rattan Pal abandoned Mau and settled at Phillaur . The Jats Left the modern town dates from the time of Shah Jahan when the sites covered with ruins reoccupied having been selected for the erection of a Serai on the imperial line of road from Delhi to Lahore of its earlier history nothing of interest is recorded. On the rise of the sikhs to power.

Gurudwara Charan Kamal - This Gurudwara situated in village Machhiwara which is 35 km from Ludhiana , commemorates the place where Sri Guru Gobind Singh had rested while fighting a guerrilla war against a massive Mughal force.

Hardy's World - It is about 7 Kms. from ludhiana.This visually stunning amusement park offers a complete fun-package. Theme parties, cafes, joy rides and shopping complex are entertainment bonanza for all age groups.

Rural Museum - It is on the University campus. The museum building resemble the traditional houses of rural Punjab . A 100 yard long path, flanked on both sides by water channels leads to the finely carved doors of the museum. There are exhibits of old bronze utensils, farming equipment etc. It is Open from 9 am to 1.00 pm and 2 pm to 5 pm daily.

Tiger Safari - Zoo in Ludhiana known as Tiger Safari is situated on GT Road .It is 6 kms from the main city. Majestic tigers roaming about in the dense jungle offer a thrilling experience to visitors

Nehru Rose Garden - Nehru Rose Garden, established in 1967 is one of the green spaces of Ludhiana city and an ideal place for spending with family. The largest Rose Garden in Asia . It is spread over an area of 27 acres and has more than 17,000 plants representing some 1,600 varieties of roses as well as several fountains. This is flower garden and a garden for walkers with an illuminated musical fountain.

Maharaja Ranjit Singh war museum - This museum was built in the memory of Maharaja Ranjit Singh. He was a Sikh emperor of the sovereign country of Punjab and the Sikh Empire. His Samadhi is located in Lahore , Pakistan . He was also known as Sher-e-Punjab, the Lion of Punjab and is considered one of the 3 Lions of India, the most famous and revered heroes in North Indian history.

Guru Nanak Bhawan - Guru Nanak Bhawan is situated in ludhiana . This is religious place of sikh.

WHERE TO EAT

Most restaurants in Ludhiana serve cuisines from around the world. One can find everything from fast food joints, hotels to small dhabas (eating shacks) that serve wholesome food. But don't miss out on the Punjabi cuisine that can be a real pleasure for guest taste buds. Butter Chicken, Makki di roti and Sarson da saag and lassi are some of the specialties.

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